The past two presidential elections have been some of the most divisive elections in US history. The country is split almost in half between Republicans and Democrats. So there is serious tension when a winner is declared by the Associated Press, which has accurately called the presidential election since 1848.
Trump’s campaign spent $3 million for a manual recount of the votes in Milwaukee and Dane County. The end result was an additional 87 votes for Joe Biden, thus increasing Biden’s lead in those two counties. The recount did not change the number of electoral votes won by Joe Biden in Wisconsin.
In 2014, Loyola Law School professor and voting expert Justin Levitt investigated every general, primary, special, and municipal election held in the US since 2000. Out of more than 1 billion votes that were cast, he found just 31 credible instances of potential voter impersonation.
So the number of votes that are subject to fraudulent activity or other issues is relatively small compared to the total number of votes cast in elections. However, there is still distrust of the current voting system in the US.
On November 16, 2020, a poll was conducted by Vox and Data for Progress. 57% of Republicans who were polled said that they strongly believe that Joe Biden won the US presidential election due to voter fraud. In that same poll, 18% of Republicans who were polled agreed somewhat that election fraud helped Joe Biden become elected as the 46th US President.
On December 8, 2020, senior Republican members of the bipartisan Inaugural Committee voted down a resolution acknowledging Joe Biden as the president-elect.
So do we need a voting system that people can trust? Yes
Do we need a voting system that allows people to verify their voting status? Yes
Do we need a voting system that cannot be altered? Yes
Enter blockchain. A blockchain-based voting system properly developed and administered will foster trust, because it is verifiable and uneditable.
Ben Buchanan and Michael Sulmeyer of Harvard’s Belfer Center Cybersecurity Project outlined the five factors of the election process that they thought were the most vulnerable.